Lower Limb Arterial Disease

Peripheral vascular disease is narrowing or blockage of the arteries causing reduced blood flow to the legs; as a result when you walk or exercise your leg muscles don’t get enough blood and you may experience pain or cramps.

Causes

The most common cause of Peripheral Vascular disease is a build-up of plaque in the arteries this can be caused by smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes and high cholesterol.

Symptoms

There may be no symptoms of peripheral vascular disease until the narrowing is severe or a blockage occurs.

When this happens the most common symptom is claudication which is tightness and aching in the calf, thigh or buttocks after walking a certain distance or exercising. This pain typically disappears if you stop walking or rest. In more advanced stages you may have pain in your foot even at rest.

Treatment

Surgery to bypass the blockage or narrowing in the artery or a stent to widen the artery.